Germany’s Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science operates 84 research institutes, all found in Europe save one: the Max Planck Florida Institute of Neuroscience (MPFI) in Jupiter in northern Palm Beach County.
Established in 2010, MPFI is part of a biomedical research hub envisioned by former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush. The cluster includes Scripps Research Institute and Florida Atlantic University’s Brain Institute. State and local government invested more than $185 million to lure Max Planck’s first American venture.
Max Planck Society President Martin Stratmann arrived from Munich earlier this month to announce a groundbreaking new partnership with FAU: an undergraduate honors program in neuroscience designed to attract the brightest young scientists to South Florida.
Stratmann spoke with WLRN’s Peter Haden about the value of fundamental science research.
WLRN: So you allow scientists to pursue whatever they’re curious about? When you've determined that this is a skilled scientist, you say, “We’re going to fund them and turn them loose?”
MARTIN STRATMANN: Yes, that’s exactly right. Basic science, as we do it at Max Planck, is not driven by proposals. We give our directors long-term trust. We allow them to do the research they want to do for life, and we provide them with funding for life. This kind of science is good for breakthroughs, breakthroughs which are unforeseeable.
To enter the Max Planck Society, that’s really the hard step. We have a very careful search process to look at those people who we think are eligible to be a Max Planck director. That’s a really tough task.
Where does the money for the Max Planck Society’s budget come from?
The vast majority of our funding is indeed from the German state. Our budget is roughly $2 billion per year — with very few strings attached.
And the German state and the German people want to fund this kind of research because…?
The German society knows if you do not invest in education and science, in the end, you cannot be among the top leading nations worldwide. And based on this understanding, there’s a long tradition in Germany of investing in science. You know, our chancellor is Angela Merkel, and she is a scientist herself — a theoretical physicist.
So she understands the importance of science quite well.
Science is one of the few things that makes us, as humans, differ from all other animals. We are the only species that can understand the world in which we live. If you look at the planet Earth these days, it’s a man-made planet. And that has consequences. Global warming is one example. Biodiversity is another example. Pollution of oceans. Dealing with this planet Earth is only possible on scientific grounds. So science, I think, is a question of survival of mankind in the long term.
What’s going on at this Max Planck Institute right here in Jupiter, Florida?
It’s one of the institutes we have at the Max Planck Society which deals with neuroscience. They have certain parts of this whole brain-based science business which they concentrate on.
One part is vision. How do we understand the world we live in by our visual system, by our eyes? How do we recognize a car? How do we recognize a person? How does recognition as such work?
The second part — which I also find very interesting — is memory. How is memory stored? We all know that we can memorize things even after decades. You have whole movies stored in your head. We know that’s very hard to do. So how does that really work?
Is there any idea of what could come from this research, say, advancements in curing certain brain diseases, or a new kind of visual technology?
That is, of course, the long-term expectation. But it’s not that easy to say, we do this type of research today and tomorrow we have healed Alzheimer's because that’s one of the most complex diseases we have. If you really want to understand and to cure the main brain diseases which we have — Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and many others — the only way to do it is to deeply understand how that organ really functions.
Research is not planned like this. You want to search in a dark forest. And you want to see something which is shining up. And the only way to do this carefully enough, and that’s what Max Planck does, is to search and select the best researchers you can find. Give them the freedom to search in this unknown territory, and I’m sure they will find something.*
The Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) has announced its 2017 - 2018 Science Meets Music schedule. Now in its fifth year, the program features a scientific lecture accompanied by a classical music performance. Speakers in the 2017 - 2018 series include:
- Jan. 31, 2018 – Dr. Stefan Hell: director, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry / 2014 Nobel Laureate
- March 28, 2018 – Dr. Jason Christie: research group leader, Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience
- April 18, 2018 – Dr. Manfred Gahr: director, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology
The events begin at 6:15 p.m. at The Benjamin Upper School, 4875 Grandiflora Road in Palm Beach Gardens. For more information, visit their website here.
— Peter Haden (@HadenMedia) December 11, 2017