Little Haiti's Street Art, Before The Wynwood Era

Nov 30, 2015

Click through the slideshow to see more of Little Haiti's utilitarian street art.

Miami's Wynwood Arts District has been South Florida's street-art mecca for years. And as the neighborhood's rents rise and galleries migrate to its surroundings, news outlets and the art community itself have implied art is moving into Little Haiti.

Bortan Fabrics was the first storefront Serge Toussaint painted in Miami.
Credit Maria Murriel / WLRN

But Little Haiti has been speckled with art since at least 1994. It may have just been mistaken as signage.

Serge Toussaint is responsible for most of the street art in Little Haiti. His storefront murals signal barbershops, convenience stores, botanicas and even adorn the big Roman Catholic church in the neighborhood, Notre Dame D'Haiti.

They're unlike the contemporary murals of Wynwood, which can be edgier, more abstract or in the style of old-school graffiti.

Toussaint says most of his murals serve three purposes: to inform possible customers of what a business offers, to beautify the neighborhood, and to keep Haitian heritage alive.

"I'm an artist -- a Haitian artist," he says. "I could paint any other thing, but I want people to come from out of states -- when they come to Little Haiti, when they walk up in here, they have a sense of, 'I am in a Haitian community'."

Serge Toussaint's works serve as advertisement and art.
Credit Maria Murriel / WLRN

Haiti inspires Toussaint's work: the week before Art Basel he was working on a mural of the country's forefathers.

He said the piece meant a lot to him.

"I'm putting it together just to let people know that Little Haiti gonna stay Little Haiti," he said. "Those the ancestors, the ones that really fought for the freedom of Haiti."

It's a 40-foot wall off Northwest 54th Street, a main road in the neighborhood. Toussaint says the building is an upcoming clothing store that will sell Haitian-inspired clothing.

So the mural is a tribute to the country's ancestors -- but it's also an ad for the future business.

Serge Toussaint paints a mural tribute to Haitian freedom fighters.
Credit Maria Murriel / WLRN

Toussaint makes his living off this style of utilitarian art. But he stresses that his work "always has a message," and believes his mission is to represent the people of Little Haiti, with his paintbrush, on the walls of their community.

Murals come and go, and Toussaint understands that ("if someone else rent the building, you gotta accept that, they're gonna have to take it down"), but he says "Wynwood" artists creeping into Little Haiti should respect the neighborhood's artistic identity.

"I don't have any problem with all the artists," he says, "but if you come into my community... you have to mingle your artwork with something that's related to Haitians."

That's happened in some cases.

Credit Maria Murriel / WLRN

But the tradition of painting storefronts is not typically considered when looking at South Florida's street-art landscape.

Toussaint is Little Haiti's most prolific storefront muralist, but not the only one. A drive down 62nd or 54th streets is a showcase of local painters' shop designs. But as real estate changes hands and businesses close, most of the works go undocumented.

As long as shop owners keep demanding his services, Serge Toussaint will keep painting Haitian heritage.

But increasingly, his works might stand alongside that of muralists' whose work is consistently seen as art, not advertisement.

A traditional store sign in Little Haiti shares a wall with a contemporary mural.
Credit Maria Murriel / WLRN

This story goes along with WLRN's #WhatIsArt project. During Miami Art Week, we ask you to look critically at everything around you -- inside galleries or out. Is it art? What is art? Tweet us.